Drug Facts

DRUG FACTS

The primary drug threat is powder and crack cocaine. The most violent crimes in the state are attributed to its distribution and abuse. Also, the rising availability of high-purity, low cost heroin is creating a large user population with a greater physical risk to users, who are younger than ever before. In the northern Ohio region, South American and Mexican black tar heroin are prevalent, while other types such as Mexican black tar heroin is also predominant. Marijuana remains the most abused drug in most states.

Mexican marijuana from the southwest border. Club drugs and MDMA (ecstasy) are also growing in popularity in many urban areas. Meanwhile, methamphetamine manufacturing and use are increasing, but has not reached the levels of other states in the Midwest.

Cocaine

Cocaine HCL and crack combined constitute the greatest drug threat in most areas . Cocaine is transported from the southwest border, including California and Texas, as well as from Miami, Florida and New York City. Detroit, Michigan and Chicago, Illinois serve as transshipment points and distribution centers for cocaine shipped from the southwest border and transported throughout Ohio. Mexican and Dominican criminal groups and to a lesser extent other ethnic criminal groups are the principal transporters and wholesale distributors of multi-kilogram quantities of powdered cocaine in Ohio.

Gram quantities sell between $100-$120, ounce quantities, $750-$1400, and kilograms $22,500 – $32,000. The purity levels for cocaine HCL range from 32.54 to 72.75 percent. Purity levels for crack cocaine range from 19 to 63.7 percent. The Ohio Department of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services data indicates that the number of treatment admissions for cocaine abuse for 2003 was 9,879.

Heroin

Heroin distribution and abuse are increasing in many parts of the country . Heroin signature analysis indicates that South American and Mexican black tar are prevalent  Dominican criminal groups control the distribution of South American heroin, while Mexican criminal groups control the distribution of Mexican black tar heroin. At the retail-level, African-American, Dominican, and Mexican criminal groups are involved in heroin distribution. Heroin is shipped  from major distribution centers such as Chicago , Detroit , New York and various cities along the southwest border. Heroin is also transported on commercial airline flights into Ohio . Wholesalers use major Ohio cities such as Cleveland , Cincinnati , Columbus , and Toledo as distribution centers for smaller cities in and outside the state.

Gram quantities sell between $140-$250 and ounce quantities $2400-$7000. The purity levels range from 23.5 to 57 percent .

Methamphetamine & Amphetamines

Methamphetamine manufacturing and use are increasing in many states . Local independent criminal groups, outlaw motorcycle gangs ( OMG ‘s) and, to a lesser extent, Mexican criminal groups are primarily responsible for shipping methamphetamine into and distributing it . Methamphetamine is also shipped predominantly through mail and package delivery services. Methamphetamine distribution has also increased at “Raves” and on college campuses.

Purity levels range from 7.425 to 100 percent. Amphetamine/methamphetamine abuse in Ohio is prevalent throughout the country

Club Drugs

The use of Club Drugs such as MDMA (Ecstasy) , GHB , Ketamine , and LSD has steadily increased. Club Drugs are growing in popularity among young adults and juveniles, particularly in most urban areas of the state where “Rave” parties are also increasing. MDMA is the club drug of choice and represents the greatest future threat is the youth. Most MDMA available is produced outside the United States, typically in laboratories in the Netherlands and Belgium and transported through express mail services and by couriers on commercial airlines through distribution centers such as Miami, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. MDMA also reaches from Canada via New York and is transported via the interstate highways and public modes of transportation. Most traffickers of MDMA are loose-knit independent entrepreneurs. Retail dealers typically are suburban teenagers, usually high school or college students. The pills are sold at an average of $25 per pill.

Marijuana

Marijuana continues to be the most widely abused and readily available illicit drug throughout many states. The available supply of marijuana ranges from pound to multi-hundred pound quantities.

The rural areas provide an adequate environment for the outdoor cultivation of cannabis, , the use of hydroponics and other sophisticated indoor growing techniques that produce sinsemilla with a high THC content continues to increase. Mexican marijuana is also frequently encountered in the state of Ohio . The marijuana is shipped from the southwest border states . Large quantities are shipped mainly overland, and smaller quantities through package delivery services and the mail.

Mexican criminal groups are the dominant wholesale suppliers of marijuana . They supply multi-hundred kilogram quantities of marijuana to most districts throughout the state. Local independent and Jamaican criminal groups also are responsible for shipping and distributing wholesale amounts of marijuana in multi-kilogram quantities.

Ounce quantities of marijuana sell between $100-$250, pound quantities $800-$4000, and kilogram quantities $1800-$3000.

OxyContin

The diversion and abuse of OxyContin represent a significant drug threat in many states . OxyContin, a powerful pain reliever whose effects are the same as other opiate derivatives, is obtained legally through prescriptions as well as illegally on the street.

Formerly seen as a drug of abuse primarily among the Caucasian population, law enforcement officials in Ohio report increasing abuse among African Americans. According to the Ohio Department of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services, youth abusers of OxyContin have begun abusing heroin since they can no longer obtain or afford OxyContin. Continued incidents of overdoses and drug-related deaths were reported throughout the state during 2003. Also, a direct connection between abuse of this drug and drug-related robberies has been established.

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